Cooling Tower Type Closed Cycle Cooling Water System For Cooling Industrial

Which Cooling Tower System Is Best for You?

Cooling towers are used to cool and circulate water used in settings such as oil refineries, petrochemical, and other chemical plants, thermal power stations, and HVAC systems for cooling buildings. A cooling tower extracts waste heat into the atmosphere through the evaporative cooling of a water stream to a lower temperature.

There are two different types of industrial or HVAC cooling tower designs: closed-loop cooling tower system and open cooling water system. Both types of towers serve the same purpose, but they go about cooling the water in different ways.


More about Closed-Circuit Cooling Towers

A closed-circuit cooling tower, or dry cooling tower, involves no contact between the air and the fluid being cooled. This tower has two separate fluid circuits, one in which the fluid is recirculated on the outside of the second circuit, which is a bundle of tubes through which the hot water is flowing. The air drawn through this cascading water provides evaporative cooling similar to an open cooling tower, except that the cooled water never makes direct contact with the air. Closed-circuit cooling towers require much more energy to achieve the same cooling as an open circuit cooling tower.


Different Types of Closed-Circuit Cooling Tower Systems

Another closed-circuit cooling tower system involves a separate heat exchanger package along with an open cooling tower. The fluid on the hot side of the heat exchanger also never makes direct contact with the air. This allows the heat exchanger to be put inside, protected from the outdoor weather elements along with other system advantages. This closed system will last much longer than the outside coil type of closed-circuit cooling tower.


Are Both Cooling Towers Effective?

There are so many factors and details to consider. You may be wondering: “Are both systems equally effective?” The answer to that question is “yes!” Both open and closed-circuit cooling towers are effective for cooling water, but they each work in different ways and consume different amounts of energy.

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